Edmund Husserl

Sometimes the research is carried out one class of people or groups. Appearance History everyday life as an independent branch of study of the past – one of the components of "historical and anthropological turn" that began in the humanities end of the 60's of xx century. For general theoretical sources of the history everyday life include, firstly, the work of the founders of the phenomenological trends in philosophy and, in particular (1859-1938). He first drew attention to the importance of philosophical reflection not only of high abstractions, and "spheres of human ordinariness, which he called" life-world. " Inspired by the ideas of Husserl, his younger contemporary of A. Schutz (1899-1959) proposed " to give the perception of" a world in which we live, "as "Pre-given" and focus on analyzing the processes of folding and the conditioning of this apparent "pre-givenness" that is "the world human immediacy" – aspirations, fantasy, self-doubt, reactions direct private events, making the scientific task "study of the nature pre-givenness." Second, a step in the evolution of studies of everyday life in the branch of science was the appearance in the 1960's modernist sociological concepts, first of all – the theory of social construction of P. Berger and T. Luckmann.

That they encouraged to learn "meeting people face to face, believing that such" meetings "(social interaction) is the main content everyday life. In the same 1960 H. Garfinkel, and A. Sikurel able to see the individual as a " very independent from the abstract structures converter reality." Laying the foundations of sociology of everyday life or "ethnomethodology", they made her the subject of the study of how "people come when they live a normal life" – more precisely, how they transform this life.

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